This is one in a series of researching tips taken from presentations by Betty R. Darnell, a noted local historian and genealogist. These notes are copyrighted by her.
1790 – first census of the U.S. Records were destroyed by fire during War of 1812. First Census of KY, 1790, C. B. Heineman (Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1956) – index of 1790s tax lists.
1800 – second census. Records destroyed during War of 1812. Second Census of KY, 1800, G. G. Clift (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1966) - index of 1800 KY tax lists.
1810-1840 – heads of household only, with household members groups by sex and age.
1850-1880 – census names every member of household.
1890 – census destroyed by fire in 1921.
1900-1930 – census names every member of household; census is released to public after 72 years.
Slave Schedule (1850, 1860)
Mortality Schedule (1850-1880, for 12 months prior to census; e.g., 1 June 1849 through 31 May 1850)
Agriculture Schedule (1840-1910; 1900 and 1910 destroyed)
Manufacturing Schedule (1820, 1880)
Industry Schedule (1850, 1860, 1870; replaced Manufacturing Schedule)
Pensioners (on 1840 Population Schedule)
1880 DDD Schedule (Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent; 7 sections: Insane, Idiots, Deaf-mutes, Blind, Homeless children, Inhabitants in prison, Paupers and indigent persons in institutions)
1890 Veterans Schedule
Indian Census, 1840-1942 (listed in The Source, 1984 edition, pp. 110-112)
Population and special census schedules for KY are on microfilm at the Archives room, Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives and at the KY History Center, both at Frankfort.
Population schedules for all states are on microfilm at many large libraries, such as Sons of the American Revolution Library, Louisville, and New Albany-Floyd County Public Library.
There are printed indexes for many of the population schedules. 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses have been indexed by a soundex code. The indexes are available on microfilm at large libraries.
Many of the population schedules have been published by societies or individuals
Images of the Population schedules for the U.S. can be accessed on the Internet, at Ancestry.com (fee-based service, or free at some libraries), or at HeritageQuestOnline (free access at many libraries, or free remote access with a library card)
Copy all information; may give you a clue later. Forms for copying census information are available at many libraries, as well as on the Internet.
1870 U. S. Census, Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, Randol Township, page 23, Augustus Thompson household; image, HeritageQuestOnline, from National Archives microfilm M593, roll 765, page 178.